Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is one of the most common chronic diseases in our country. It is a disease in which the body can no longer keep the blood sugar in balance. This is because the body has too little of the hormone insulin. In addition, the body no longer responds well to insulin or your body no longer makes insulin at all. Insulin regulates blood sugar. Want to know more about diabetes? Read on quick!
TYPES OF DIABETES
The most common type is type 2 diabetes: nine out of ten people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. They don't have enough insulin in the body and don't respond well to it.
There are also people whose immune system attacks the cells that produce insulin. This is due to an error in the cells that make insulin. If this is the case, you have type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes need to measure blood sugar, inject insulin or wear a pump every day. They can't eat a bite without calculating how much insulin it takes. Read more about the differences between type 1 and 2 diabetes.
CAUSES OF DIABETES
Because glucose is a form of sugar, diabetes mellitus used to be known as diabetes mellitus. The hormone insulin plays a key role in maintaining the level of glucose in the blood. Insulin is made in the pancreas and ensures that glucose is absorbed into the tissues. To date, we do not know exactly what causes diabetes.
People are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if they are overweight, exercise little or if it runs in the family. But not everyone can prevent getting type 2 diabetes. There are also people who always live a healthy life and yet develop type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes starts with a predisposition to type 1 diabetes. This is also possible without diabetes in the family. Then the cells that make insulin become out of balance, causing the immune system to attack the cells that make insulin.
Many of the symptoms of diabetes are similar to things that everyone experiences from time to time. Think of being tired and lethargic. People often do not realize for years that they have diabetes, because not everyone has clear symptoms associated with diabetes.
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES TYPE 2
Type 2 diabetes is the most common, but the most difficult to recognize. These are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
- extreme thirst and dry mouth
- Pee a lot
- eye problems, such as red and burning eyes, blurred vision, double vision or poor vision
- poorly healing wounds
- shortness of breath
- leg pain when walking
- infections that come back often, such as cystitis
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES TYPE 1
Type 1 diabetes is usually detected a lot faster. Someone with untreated type 1 diabetes drinks a lot, loses weight and feels so ill in a short time that he does go to the doctor. In type 1 diabetes, possible symptoms include:
- extreme thirst
- Pee a lot
- lose weight for no reason
- feeling sick and sick
- very hungry, or not at all
- blurred vision
- feeling nauseous or vomiting
RECOGNIZE THE SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
Do these symptoms look familiar to you? Then it is important to pay a visit to the doctor. A test with one drop of blood indicates whether you may have diabetes. Without treatment, too many sugars remain in the blood, which in the long term causes damage to the blood vessels. When blood sugar is extremely high, a person can be very sick, pass out or even go into a coma. So be there on time!
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